xref: /illumos-gate/usr/src/cmd/tcpd/inetcf.c (revision 7c478bd9)
1  /*
2   * Routines to parse an inetd.conf or tlid.conf file. This would be a great
3   * job for a PERL script.
4   *
5   * Author: Wietse Venema, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
6   */
7 
8 #ifndef lint
9 static char sccsid[] = "@(#) inetcf.c 1.7 97/02/12 02:13:23";
10 #endif
11 
12 #include <sys/types.h>
13 #include <sys/stat.h>
14 #include <stdio.h>
15 #include <errno.h>
16 #include <string.h>
17 
18 extern int errno;
19 extern void exit();
20 
21 #include "tcpd.h"
22 #include "inetcf.h"
23 
24  /*
25   * Network configuration files may live in unusual places. Here are some
26   * guesses. Shorter names follow longer ones.
27   */
28 char   *inet_files[] = {
29     "/private/etc/inetd.conf",		/* NEXT */
30     "/etc/inet/inetd.conf",		/* SYSV4 */
31     "/usr/etc/inetd.conf",		/* IRIX?? */
32     "/etc/inetd.conf",			/* BSD */
33     "/etc/net/tlid.conf",		/* SYSV4?? */
34     "/etc/saf/tlid.conf",		/* SYSV4?? */
35     "/etc/tlid.conf",			/* SYSV4?? */
36     0,
37 };
38 
39 static void inet_chk();
40 static char *base_name();
41 
42  /*
43   * Structure with everything we know about a service.
44   */
45 struct inet_ent {
46     struct inet_ent *next;
47     int     type;
48     char    name[1];
49 };
50 
51 static struct inet_ent *inet_list = 0;
52 
53 static char whitespace[] = " \t\r\n";
54 
55 /* inet_conf - read in and examine inetd.conf (or tlid.conf) entries */
56 
inet_cfg(conf)57 char   *inet_cfg(conf)
58 char   *conf;
59 {
60     char    buf[BUFSIZ];
61     FILE   *fp;
62     char   *service;
63     char   *protocol;
64     char   *user;
65     char   *path;
66     char   *arg0;
67     char   *arg1;
68     struct tcpd_context saved_context;
69     char   *percent_m();
70     int     i;
71     struct stat st;
72 
73     saved_context = tcpd_context;
74 
75     /*
76      * The inetd.conf (or tlid.conf) information is so useful that we insist
77      * on its availability. When no file is given run a series of educated
78      * guesses.
79      */
80     if (conf != 0) {
81 	if ((fp = fopen(conf, "r")) == 0) {
82 	    fprintf(stderr, percent_m(buf, "open %s: %m\n"), conf);
83 	    exit(1);
84 	}
85     } else {
86 	for (i = 0; inet_files[i] && (fp = fopen(inet_files[i], "r")) == 0; i++)
87 	     /* void */ ;
88 	if (fp == 0) {
89 	    fprintf(stderr, "Cannot find your inetd.conf or tlid.conf file.\n");
90 	    fprintf(stderr, "Please specify its location.\n");
91 	    exit(1);
92 	}
93 	conf = inet_files[i];
94 	check_path(conf, &st);
95     }
96 
97     /*
98      * Process the file. After the 7.0 wrapper release it became clear that
99      * there are many more inetd.conf formats than the 8 systems that I had
100      * studied. EP/IX uses a two-line specification for rpc services; HP-UX
101      * permits long lines to be broken with backslash-newline.
102      */
103     tcpd_context.file = conf;
104     tcpd_context.line = 0;
105     while (xgets(buf, sizeof(buf), fp)) {
106 	service = strtok(buf, whitespace);	/* service */
107 	if (service == 0 || *service == '#')
108 	    continue;
109 	if (STR_NE(service, "stream") && STR_NE(service, "dgram"))
110 	    strtok((char *) 0, whitespace);	/* endpoint */
111 	protocol = strtok((char *) 0, whitespace);
112 	(void) strtok((char *) 0, whitespace);	/* wait */
113 	if ((user = strtok((char *) 0, whitespace)) == 0)
114 	    continue;
115 	if (user[0] == '/') {			/* user */
116 	    path = user;
117 	} else {				/* path */
118 	    if ((path = strtok((char *) 0, whitespace)) == 0)
119 		continue;
120 	}
121 	if (path[0] == '?')			/* IRIX optional service */
122 	    path++;
123 	if (STR_EQ(path, "internal"))
124 	    continue;
125 	if (path[strspn(path, "-0123456789")] == 0) {
126 
127 	    /*
128 	     * ConvexOS puts RPC version numbers before path names. Jukka
129 	     * Ukkonen <ukkonen@csc.fi>.
130 	     */
131 	    if ((path = strtok((char *) 0, whitespace)) == 0)
132 		continue;
133 	}
134 	if ((arg0 = strtok((char *) 0, whitespace)) == 0) {
135 	    tcpd_warn("incomplete line");
136 	    continue;
137 	}
138 	if (arg0[strspn(arg0, "0123456789")] == 0) {
139 
140 	    /*
141 	     * We're reading a tlid.conf file, the format is:
142 	     *
143 	     * ...stuff... path arg_count arguments mod_count modules
144 	     */
145 	    if ((arg0 = strtok((char *) 0, whitespace)) == 0) {
146 		tcpd_warn("incomplete line");
147 		continue;
148 	    }
149 	}
150 	if ((arg1 = strtok((char *) 0, whitespace)) == 0)
151 	    arg1 = "";
152 
153 	inet_chk(protocol, path, arg0, arg1);
154     }
155     fclose(fp);
156     tcpd_context = saved_context;
157     return (conf);
158 }
159 
160 /* inet_chk - examine one inetd.conf (tlid.conf?) entry */
161 
inet_chk(protocol,path,arg0,arg1)162 static void inet_chk(protocol, path, arg0, arg1)
163 char   *protocol;
164 char   *path;
165 char   *arg0;
166 char   *arg1;
167 {
168     char    daemon[BUFSIZ];
169     struct stat st;
170     int     wrap_status = WR_MAYBE;
171     char   *base_name_path = base_name(path);
172     char   *tcpd_proc_name = (arg0[0] == '/' ? base_name(arg0) : arg0);
173 
174     /*
175      * Always warn when the executable does not exist or when it is not
176      * executable.
177      */
178     if (check_path(path, &st) < 0) {
179 	tcpd_warn("%s: not found: %m", path);
180     } else if ((st.st_mode & 0100) == 0) {
181 	tcpd_warn("%s: not executable", path);
182     }
183 
184     /*
185      * Cheat on the miscd tests, nobody uses it anymore.
186      */
187     if (STR_EQ(base_name_path, "miscd")) {
188 	inet_set(arg0, WR_YES);
189 	return;
190     }
191 
192     /*
193      * While we are here...
194      */
195     if (STR_EQ(tcpd_proc_name, "rexd") || STR_EQ(tcpd_proc_name, "rpc.rexd"))
196 	tcpd_warn("%s may be an insecure service", tcpd_proc_name);
197 
198     /*
199      * The tcpd program gets most of the attention.
200      */
201     if (STR_EQ(base_name_path, "tcpd")) {
202 
203 	if (STR_EQ(tcpd_proc_name, "tcpd"))
204 	    tcpd_warn("%s is recursively calling itself", tcpd_proc_name);
205 
206 	wrap_status = WR_YES;
207 
208 	/*
209 	 * Check: some sites install the wrapper set-uid.
210 	 */
211 	if ((st.st_mode & 06000) != 0)
212 	    tcpd_warn("%s: file is set-uid or set-gid", path);
213 
214 	/*
215 	 * Check: some sites insert tcpd in inetd.conf, instead of replacing
216 	 * the daemon pathname.
217 	 */
218 	if (arg0[0] == '/' && STR_EQ(tcpd_proc_name, base_name(arg1)))
219 	    tcpd_warn("%s inserted before %s", path, arg0);
220 
221 	/*
222 	 * Check: make sure files exist and are executable. On some systems
223 	 * the network daemons are set-uid so we cannot complain. Note that
224 	 * tcpd takes the basename only in case of absolute pathnames.
225 	 */
226 	if (arg0[0] == '/') {			/* absolute path */
227 	    if (check_path(arg0, &st) < 0) {
228 		tcpd_warn("%s: not found: %m", arg0);
229 	    } else if ((st.st_mode & 0100) == 0) {
230 		tcpd_warn("%s: not executable", arg0);
231 	    }
232 	} else {				/* look in REAL_DAEMON_DIR */
233 	    sprintf(daemon, "%s/%s", REAL_DAEMON_DIR, arg0);
234 	    if (check_path(daemon, &st) < 0) {
235 		tcpd_warn("%s: not found in %s: %m",
236 			  arg0, REAL_DAEMON_DIR);
237 	    } else if ((st.st_mode & 0100) == 0) {
238 		tcpd_warn("%s: not executable", daemon);
239 	    }
240 	}
241 
242     } else {
243 
244 	/*
245 	 * No tcpd program found. Perhaps they used the "simple installation"
246 	 * recipe. Look for a file with the same basename in REAL_DAEMON_DIR.
247 	 * Draw some conservative conclusions when a distinct file is found.
248 	 */
249 	sprintf(daemon, "%s/%s", REAL_DAEMON_DIR, arg0);
250 	if (STR_EQ(path, daemon)) {
251 	    wrap_status = WR_NOT;
252 	} else if (check_path(daemon, &st) >= 0) {
253 	    wrap_status = WR_MAYBE;
254 	} else if (errno == ENOENT) {
255 	    wrap_status = WR_NOT;
256 	} else {
257 	    tcpd_warn("%s: file lookup: %m", daemon);
258 	    wrap_status = WR_MAYBE;
259 	}
260     }
261 
262     /*
263      * Alas, we cannot wrap rpc/tcp services.
264      */
265     if (wrap_status == WR_YES && STR_EQ(protocol, "rpc/tcp"))
266 	tcpd_warn("%s: cannot wrap rpc/tcp services", tcpd_proc_name);
267 
268     inet_set(tcpd_proc_name, wrap_status);
269 }
270 
271 /* inet_set - remember service status */
272 
inet_set(name,type)273 void    inet_set(name, type)
274 char   *name;
275 int     type;
276 {
277     struct inet_ent *ip =
278     (struct inet_ent *) malloc(sizeof(struct inet_ent) + strlen(name));
279 
280     if (ip == 0) {
281 	fprintf(stderr, "out of memory\n");
282 	exit(1);
283     }
284     ip->next = inet_list;
285     strcpy(ip->name, name);
286     ip->type = type;
287     inet_list = ip;
288 }
289 
290 /* inet_get - look up service status */
291 
inet_get(name)292 int     inet_get(name)
293 char   *name;
294 {
295     struct inet_ent *ip;
296 
297     if (inet_list == 0)
298 	return (WR_MAYBE);
299 
300     for (ip = inet_list; ip; ip = ip->next)
301 	if (STR_EQ(ip->name, name))
302 	    return (ip->type);
303 
304     return (-1);
305 }
306 
307 /* base_name - compute last pathname component */
308 
base_name(path)309 static char *base_name(path)
310 char   *path;
311 {
312     char   *cp;
313 
314     if ((cp = strrchr(path, '/')) != 0)
315 	path = cp + 1;
316     return (path);
317 }
318