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ILOGB 3M "Jul 12, 2006" "SunOS 5.11" "Mathematical Library Functions"
NAME
ilogb, ilogbf, ilogbl - return an unbiased exponent
SYNOPSIS

c99 [ flag... ] file... -lm [ library... ]
#include <math.h>

int ilogb(double x);

int ilogbf(float x);

int ilogbl(long double x);

cc [ flag... ] file... -lm [ library... ]
#include <math.h>

int ilogb(double x);

int ilogbf(float x);

int ilogbl(long double x);
DESCRIPTION

These functions return the exponent part of their argument x. Formally, the return value is the integral part of log(r)| x | as a signed integral value, for non-zero x, where r is the radix of the machine's floating point arithmetic, which is the value of FLT_RADIX defined in <float.h>.

RETURN VALUES

Upon successful completion, these functions return the exponent part of x as a signed integer value. They are equivalent to calling the corresponding logb(3M) function and casting the returned value to type int.

If x is 0, the value FP_ILOGB0 is returned. For SUSv3-conforming applications compiled with the c99 compiler driver (see standards(5)), a domain error occurs.

If x is \(+-Inf, the value INT_MAX is returned. For SUSv3-conforming applications compiled with the c99 compiler driver, a domain error occurs.

If x is NaN, the value FP_ILOGBNAN is returned. For SUSv3-conforming applications compiled with the c99 compiler driver, a domain error occurs.

ERRORS

These functions will fail if:

Domain Error

The x argument is zero, NaN, or \(+-Inf. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception is raised.

ATTRIBUTES

See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

ATTRIBUTE TYPE ATTRIBUTE VALUE
Interface Stability Standard
MT-Level MT-Safe
SEE ALSO

feclearexcept(3M), fetestexcept(3M), limits.h(3HEAD), logb(3M), math.h(3HEAD), scalb(3M), attributes(5), standards(5)