$KAME: rtsold.8,v 1.20 2003/04/11 12:46:12 jinmei Exp $

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$FreeBSD$

.Dd June 14, 2011 .Dt RTSOLD 8 .Os
.Sh NAME .Nm rtsold , rtsol .Nd router solicitation daemon
.Sh SYNOPSIS .Nm .Op Fl dDfFmu1 .Op Fl O Ar script-name .Op Fl p Ar pidfile .Op Fl R Ar script-name .Ar interface ... .Nm .Op Fl dDfFmu1 .Op Fl O Ar script-name .Op Fl p Ar pidfile .Op Fl R Ar script-name .Fl a .Nm rtsol .Op Fl dDu .Op Fl O Ar script-name .Op Fl R Ar script-name .Ar interface ... .Nm rtsol .Op Fl dDu .Op Fl O Ar script-name .Op Fl R Ar script-name .Fl a
.Sh DESCRIPTION .Nm is the daemon program to send ICMPv6 Router Solicitation messages on the specified interfaces. If a node (re)attaches to a link, .Nm sends some Router Solicitations on the link destined to the link-local scope all-routers multicast address to discover new routers and to get non link-local addresses.

p .Nm should be used on IPv6 hosts

q non-router nodes only.

p If you invoke the program as .Nm rtsol , it will transmit probes from the specified .Ar interface , without becoming a daemon. In other words, .Nm rtsol behaves as .Do .Nm .Fl f1 .Ar interfaces .Dc .

p Specifically, .Nm sends at most 3 Router Solicitations on an interface after one of the following events:

p l -bullet -compact t Just after invocation of .Nm daemon. t The interface is up after a temporary interface failure. .Nm detects such failures by periodically probing to see if the status of the interface is active or not. Note that some network cards and drivers do not allow the extraction of link state. In such cases, .Nm cannot detect the change of the interface status. t Every 60 seconds if the .Fl m option is specified and the .Nm daemon cannot get the interface status. This feature does not conform to the IPv6 neighbor discovery specification, but is provided for mobile stations. The default interval for router advertisements, which is on the order of 10 minutes, is slightly long for mobile stations. This feature is provided for such stations so that they can find new routers as soon as possible when they attach to another link. .El .Lp Once .Nm has sent a Router Solicitation, and has received a valid Router Advertisement, it refrains from sending additional solicitations on that interface, until the next time one of the above events occurs. .Lp When sending a Router Solicitation on an interface, .Nm includes a Source Link-layer address option if the interface has a link-layer address. .Lp .Nm manages a per-interface parameter to detect if a separate protocol is needed for configuration parameters other than host's addresses. At the invocation time, the flag is FALSE, and becomes TRUE when the daemon receives a router advertisement with the OtherConfig flag being set. A script file can be specified to deal with the case

q see below . When .Nm start resending router solicitation messages by one of the conditions events, the daemon resets the parameter because the event may indicate a change on the attached link.

p Upon receipt of signal .Dv SIGUSR1 , .Nm will dump the current internal state into

a /var/run/rtsold.dump .

p The options are as follows: l -tag -width indent t Fl a Autoprobe outgoing interfaces. .Nm will try to find any non-loopback, non-point-to-point, IPv6-capable interfaces and send router solicitation messages on all of them. t Fl d Enable debugging. t Fl D Enable more debugging including the printing of internal timer information. t Fl f Prevent .Nm from becoming a daemon (foreground mode). Warning messages are generated to standard error instead of .Xr syslog 3 . t Fl F Explicitly configure the kernel to accept Router Advertisements and disable IPv6 forwarding. These settings are required for proper .Nm operation. Without this option, the current settings will be obeyed; if they are incompatible with proper operation, warning messages will be generated, but Router Solicitations will still be sent. The settings may be changed manually with .Xr sysctl 8 and .Xr ifconfig 8 . t Fl m Enable mobility support. If this option is specified, .Nm sends probing packets to default routers that have advertised Router Advertisements when the node (re)attaches to an interface. Moreover, if the option is specified, .Nm periodically sends Router Solicitation on an interface that does not support .Dv SIOCGIFMEDIA ioctl. t Fl 1 Perform only one probe. Transmit Router Solicitation packets until at least one valid Router Advertisement packet has arrived on each .Ar interface , then exit. t Fl O Ar script-name Specifies a supplement script file to handle the Other Configuration flag of the router advertisement. When the flag changes from FALSE to TRUE, .Nm will invoke .Ar script-name with a single argument of the receiving interface name, expecting the script will then start a protocol for the other configuration. .Ar script-name must be the absolute path from root to the script file, be a regular file, and be created by the same owner who runs .Nm . t Fl p Ar pidfile Writes the process ID of .Nm to

a pidfile instead of the default PID file

a /var/run/rtsold.pid . t Fl R Ar script-name Specifies a script to run when router advertisement options .Dv RDNSS Pq Recursive DNS Server or .Dv DNSSL Pq DNS Search List are encountered. The information of DNS servers and DNS search domains will be sent to standard input of this script. The .Xr resolvconf 8 script is used by default. t Fl u Specifies whether to add the source address of Router Advertisement messages to the interface name in the parameters of the RDNSS and DNSSL scripts.

p If .Fl u is specified, the interface name in the script parameters will be .Ql ifname:slaac:[RA-source-address] .

p Otherwise it will be .Ql ifname:slaac . .El .Sh FILES l -tag -width /var/run/rtsold.dump -compact t Pa /var/run/rtsold.pid The PID of the currently running .Nm . t Pa /var/run/rtsold.dump Internal state dump file. .El
.Sh EXIT STATUS .Ex -std
.Sh SEE ALSO .Xr resolvconf 8 , .Xr rtadvd 8 , .Xr sysctl 8
.Sh HISTORY The .Nm command is based on the .Nm rtsol command, which first appeared in WIDE/KAME IPv6 protocol stack kit. .Nm rtsol is now integrated into .Xr rtsold 8 .
.Sh BUGS In some operating systems, when a PCMCIA network card is removed and reinserted, the corresponding interface index is changed. However, .Nm assumes such changes will not occur, and always uses the index that it got at invocation. As a result, .Nm may not work if you reinsert a network card. In such a case, .Nm should be killed and restarted.

p The IPv6 autoconfiguration specification assumes a single-interface host. You may see kernel error messages if you try to autoconfigure a host with multiple interfaces. Also, it seems contradictory for .Nm to accept multiple .Ar interface arguments.