netstat.c revision d812607618045f7758140f41939c1413679196e9
1/*-
2 * Copyright (c) 1980, 1992, 1993
3 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
4 *
5 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
6 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
7 * are met:
8 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
9 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
10 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
11 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
12 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
13 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
14 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
15 *    without specific prior written permission.
16 *
17 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
18 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
19 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
20 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
21 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
22 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
23 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
24 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
25 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
26 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
27 * SUCH DAMAGE.
28 */
29
30#include <sys/cdefs.h>
31
32__FBSDID("$FreeBSD$");
33
34#ifdef lint
35static const char sccsid[] = "@(#)netstat.c	8.1 (Berkeley) 6/6/93";
36#endif
37
38/*
39 * netstat
40 */
41#include <sys/param.h>
42#include <sys/queue.h>
43#include <sys/socket.h>
44#include <sys/socketvar.h>
45#include <sys/protosw.h>
46
47#include <netinet/in.h>
48#include <arpa/inet.h>
49#include <net/route.h>
50#include <netinet/in_systm.h>
51#include <netinet/ip.h>
52#ifdef INET6
53#include <netinet/ip6.h>
54#endif
55#include <netinet/in_pcb.h>
56#include <netinet/ip_icmp.h>
57#include <netinet/icmp_var.h>
58#include <netinet/ip_var.h>
59#include <netinet/tcp.h>
60#include <netinet/tcpip.h>
61#include <netinet/tcp_seq.h>
62#include <netinet/tcp_var.h>
63#define TCPSTATES
64#include <netinet/tcp_fsm.h>
65#include <netinet/tcp_timer.h>
66#include <netinet/tcp_debug.h>
67#include <netinet/udp.h>
68#include <netinet/udp_var.h>
69
70#include <netdb.h>
71#include <nlist.h>
72#include <paths.h>
73#include <stdlib.h>
74#include <string.h>
75
76#include "systat.h"
77#include "extern.h"
78
79static struct netinfo *enter(struct inpcb *, int, const char *);
80static void enter_kvm(struct inpcb *, struct socket *, int, const char *);
81static void enter_sysctl(struct inpcb *, struct xsocket *, int, const char *);
82static void fetchnetstat_kvm(void);
83static void fetchnetstat_sysctl(void);
84static char *inetname(struct sockaddr *);
85static void inetprint(struct sockaddr *, const char *);
86
87#define	streq(a,b)	(strcmp(a,b)==0)
88#define	YMAX(w)		(getmaxy(w)-2)
89
90WINDOW *
91opennetstat(void)
92{
93	sethostent(1);
94	setnetent(1);
95	return (subwin(stdscr, LINES-3-1, 0, MAINWIN_ROW, 0));
96}
97
98struct netinfo {
99	TAILQ_ENTRY(netinfo) chain;
100	short	ni_line;		/* line on screen */
101	short	ni_seen;		/* 0 when not present in list */
102	short	ni_flags;
103#define	NIF_LACHG	0x1		/* local address changed */
104#define	NIF_FACHG	0x2		/* foreign address changed */
105	short	ni_state;		/* tcp state */
106	const char	*ni_proto;		/* protocol */
107	struct sockaddr_storage ni_lsa;	/* local address */
108	struct sockaddr_storage	ni_fsa;	/* foreign address */
109	u_int	ni_rcvcc;		/* rcv buffer character count */
110	u_int	ni_sndcc;		/* snd buffer character count */
111};
112
113TAILQ_HEAD(netinfohead, netinfo) netcb = TAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(netcb);
114
115static	int aflag = 0;
116static	int nflag = 0;
117static	int lastrow = 1;
118
119void
120closenetstat(WINDOW *w)
121{
122	struct netinfo *p;
123
124	endhostent();
125	endnetent();
126	TAILQ_FOREACH(p, &netcb, chain) {
127		if (p->ni_line != -1)
128			lastrow--;
129		p->ni_line = -1;
130	}
131	if (w != NULL) {
132		wclear(w);
133		wrefresh(w);
134		delwin(w);
135	}
136}
137
138static const char *miblist[] = {
139	"net.inet.tcp.pcblist",
140	"net.inet.udp.pcblist"
141};
142
143static char tcb[] = "tcb", udb[] = "udb";
144
145struct nlist namelist[] = {
146#define	X_TCB	0
147	{ .n_name = tcb },
148#define	X_UDB	1
149	{ .n_name = udb },
150	{ .n_name = NULL },
151};
152
153int
154initnetstat(void)
155{
156	protos = TCP|UDP;
157	return(1);
158}
159
160void
161fetchnetstat(void)
162{
163	if (use_kvm)
164		fetchnetstat_kvm();
165	else
166		fetchnetstat_sysctl();
167}
168
169static void
170fetchnetstat_kvm(void)
171{
172	struct inpcb *next;
173	struct netinfo *p;
174	struct inpcbhead head;
175	struct inpcb inpcb;
176	struct socket sockb;
177	struct tcpcb tcpcb;
178	void *off;
179	int istcp;
180
181	if (namelist[X_TCB].n_value == 0)
182		return;
183	TAILQ_FOREACH(p, &netcb, chain)
184		p->ni_seen = 0;
185	if (protos&TCP) {
186		off = NPTR(X_TCB);
187		istcp = 1;
188	}
189	else if (protos&UDP) {
190		off = NPTR(X_UDB);
191		istcp = 0;
192	}
193	else {
194		error("No protocols to display");
195		return;
196	}
197again:
198	KREAD(off, &head, sizeof (struct inpcbhead));
199	LIST_FOREACH(next, &head, inp_list) {
200		KREAD(next, &inpcb, sizeof (inpcb));
201		next = &inpcb;
202		if (!aflag) {
203			if (inpcb.inp_vflag & INP_IPV4) {
204				if (inet_lnaof(inpcb.inp_laddr) == INADDR_ANY)
205					continue;
206			}
207#ifdef INET6
208			else if (inpcb.inp_vflag & INP_IPV6) {
209				if (memcmp(&inpcb.in6p_laddr,
210				    &in6addr_any, sizeof(in6addr_any)) == 0)
211					continue;
212			}
213#endif
214		}
215		if (nhosts && !checkhost(&inpcb))
216			continue;
217		if (nports && !checkport(&inpcb))
218			continue;
219		if (istcp) {
220			if (inpcb.inp_flags & INP_TIMEWAIT) {
221				bzero(&sockb, sizeof(sockb));
222				enter_kvm(&inpcb, &sockb, TCPS_TIME_WAIT,
223					 "tcp");
224			} else {
225				KREAD(inpcb.inp_socket, &sockb,
226					sizeof (sockb));
227				KREAD(inpcb.inp_ppcb, &tcpcb, sizeof (tcpcb));
228				enter_kvm(&inpcb, &sockb, tcpcb.t_state,
229					"tcp");
230			}
231		} else
232			enter_kvm(&inpcb, &sockb, 0, "udp");
233	}
234	if (istcp && (protos&UDP)) {
235		istcp = 0;
236		off = NPTR(X_UDB);
237		goto again;
238	}
239}
240
241static void
242fetchnetstat_sysctl(void)
243{
244	struct netinfo *p;
245	int idx;
246	struct xinpgen *inpg;
247	char *cur, *end;
248	struct inpcb *inpcb;
249	struct xinpcb *xip = NULL;
250	struct xtcpcb *xtp = NULL;
251	int plen;
252	size_t lsz;
253
254	TAILQ_FOREACH(p, &netcb, chain)
255		p->ni_seen = 0;
256	if (protos&TCP) {
257		idx = 0;
258	} else if (protos&UDP) {
259		idx = 1;
260	} else {
261		error("No protocols to display");
262		return;
263	}
264
265	for (;idx < 2; idx++) {
266		if (idx == 1 && !(protos&UDP))
267			break;
268		inpg = (struct xinpgen *)sysctl_dynread(miblist[idx], &lsz);
269		if (inpg == NULL) {
270			error("sysctl(%s...) failed", miblist[idx]);
271			continue;
272		}
273		/*
274		 * We currently do no require a consistent pcb list.
275		 * Try to be robust in case of struct size changes
276		 */
277		cur = ((char *)inpg) + inpg->xig_len;
278		/* There is also a trailing struct xinpgen */
279		end = ((char *)inpg) + lsz - inpg->xig_len;
280		if (end <= cur) {
281			free(inpg);
282			continue;
283		}
284		if (idx == 0) { /* TCP */
285			xtp = (struct xtcpcb *)cur;
286			plen = xtp->xt_len;
287		} else {
288			xip = (struct xinpcb *)cur;
289			plen = xip->xi_len;
290		}
291		while (cur + plen <= end) {
292			if (idx == 0) { /* TCP */
293				xtp = (struct xtcpcb *)cur;
294				inpcb = &xtp->xt_inp;
295			} else {
296				xip = (struct xinpcb *)cur;
297				inpcb = &xip->xi_inp;
298			}
299			cur += plen;
300
301			if (!aflag) {
302				if (inpcb->inp_vflag & INP_IPV4) {
303					if (inet_lnaof(inpcb->inp_laddr) ==
304					    INADDR_ANY)
305						continue;
306				}
307#ifdef INET6
308				else if (inpcb->inp_vflag & INP_IPV6) {
309					if (memcmp(&inpcb->in6p_laddr,
310					    &in6addr_any, sizeof(in6addr_any))
311					    == 0)
312						continue;
313				}
314#endif
315			}
316			if (nhosts && !checkhost(inpcb))
317				continue;
318			if (nports && !checkport(inpcb))
319				continue;
320			if (idx == 0)	/* TCP */
321				enter_sysctl(inpcb, &xtp->xt_socket,
322				    xtp->xt_tp.t_state, "tcp");
323			else		/* UDP */
324				enter_sysctl(inpcb, &xip->xi_socket, 0, "udp");
325		}
326		free(inpg);
327	}
328}
329
330static void
331enter_kvm(struct inpcb *inp, struct socket *so, int state, const char *proto)
332{
333	struct netinfo *p;
334
335	if ((p = enter(inp, state, proto)) != NULL) {
336		p->ni_rcvcc = so->so_rcv.sb_cc;
337		p->ni_sndcc = so->so_snd.sb_cc;
338	}
339}
340
341static void
342enter_sysctl(struct inpcb *inp, struct xsocket *so, int state, const char *proto)
343{
344	struct netinfo *p;
345
346	if ((p = enter(inp, state, proto)) != NULL) {
347		p->ni_rcvcc = so->so_rcv.sb_cc;
348		p->ni_sndcc = so->so_snd.sb_cc;
349	}
350}
351
352static struct netinfo *
353enter(struct inpcb *inp, int state, const char *proto)
354{
355	struct netinfo *p;
356	struct sockaddr_storage lsa, fsa;
357	struct sockaddr_in *sa4;
358#ifdef INET6
359	struct sockaddr_in6 *sa6;
360#endif
361
362	memset(&lsa, 0, sizeof(lsa));
363	memset(&fsa, 0, sizeof(fsa));
364	if (inp->inp_vflag & INP_IPV4) {
365		sa4 = (struct sockaddr_in *)&lsa;
366		sa4->sin_addr = inp->inp_laddr;
367		sa4->sin_port = inp->inp_lport;
368		sa4->sin_family = AF_INET;
369		sa4->sin_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
370
371		sa4 = (struct sockaddr_in *)&fsa;
372		sa4->sin_addr = inp->inp_faddr;
373		sa4->sin_port = inp->inp_fport;
374		sa4->sin_family = AF_INET;
375		sa4->sin_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in);
376	}
377#ifdef INET6
378	else if (inp->inp_vflag & INP_IPV6) {
379		sa6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)&lsa;
380		memcpy(&sa6->sin6_addr, &inp->in6p_laddr,
381		    sizeof(struct in6_addr));
382		sa6->sin6_port = inp->inp_lport;
383		sa6->sin6_family = AF_INET6;
384		sa6->sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
385
386		sa6 = (struct sockaddr_in6 *)&fsa;
387		memcpy(&sa6->sin6_addr, &inp->in6p_faddr,
388		    sizeof(struct in6_addr));
389		sa6->sin6_port = inp->inp_fport;
390		sa6->sin6_family = AF_INET6;
391		sa6->sin6_len = sizeof(struct sockaddr_in6);
392	}
393#endif
394	else
395		return NULL;
396
397	/*
398	 * Only take exact matches, any sockets with
399	 * previously unbound addresses will be deleted
400	 * below in the display routine because they
401	 * will appear as ``not seen'' in the kernel
402	 * data structures.
403	 */
404	TAILQ_FOREACH(p, &netcb, chain) {
405		if (!streq(proto, p->ni_proto))
406			continue;
407		if (p->ni_lsa.ss_family != lsa.ss_family ||
408		    memcmp(&p->ni_lsa, &lsa, lsa.ss_len) != 0)
409			continue;
410		if (p->ni_fsa.ss_family == fsa.ss_family &&
411		    memcmp(&p->ni_fsa, &fsa, fsa.ss_len) == 0)
412			break;
413	}
414	if (p == NULL) {
415		if ((p = malloc(sizeof(*p))) == NULL) {
416			error("Out of memory");
417			return NULL;
418		}
419		TAILQ_INSERT_HEAD(&netcb, p, chain);
420		p->ni_line = -1;
421		memcpy(&p->ni_lsa, &lsa, lsa.ss_len);
422		memcpy(&p->ni_fsa, &fsa, fsa.ss_len);
423		p->ni_proto = strdup(proto);
424		p->ni_flags = NIF_LACHG|NIF_FACHG;
425	}
426	p->ni_state = state;
427	p->ni_seen = 1;
428	return p;
429}
430
431/* column locations */
432#define	LADDR	0
433#define	FADDR	LADDR+23
434#define	PROTO	FADDR+23
435#define	RCVCC	PROTO+6
436#define	SNDCC	RCVCC+7
437#define	STATE	SNDCC+7
438
439void
440labelnetstat(void)
441{
442	if (use_kvm && namelist[X_TCB].n_type == 0)
443		return;
444	wmove(wnd, 0, 0); wclrtobot(wnd);
445	mvwaddstr(wnd, 0, LADDR, "Local Address");
446	mvwaddstr(wnd, 0, FADDR, "Foreign Address");
447	mvwaddstr(wnd, 0, PROTO, "Proto");
448	mvwaddstr(wnd, 0, RCVCC, "Recv-Q");
449	mvwaddstr(wnd, 0, SNDCC, "Send-Q");
450	mvwaddstr(wnd, 0, STATE, "(state)");
451}
452
453void
454shownetstat(void)
455{
456	struct netinfo *p, *q;
457	char proto[6];
458	const char *family = "";
459
460	/*
461	 * First, delete any connections that have gone
462	 * away and adjust the position of connections
463	 * below to reflect the deleted line.
464	 */
465	p = TAILQ_FIRST(&netcb);
466	while (p != NULL) {
467		if (p->ni_line == -1 || p->ni_seen) {
468			p = TAILQ_NEXT(p, chain);
469			continue;
470		}
471		wmove(wnd, p->ni_line, 0); wdeleteln(wnd);
472		TAILQ_FOREACH(q, &netcb, chain)
473			if (q != p && q->ni_line > p->ni_line) {
474				q->ni_line--;
475				/* this shouldn't be necessary */
476				q->ni_flags |= NIF_LACHG|NIF_FACHG;
477			}
478		lastrow--;
479		q = TAILQ_NEXT(p, chain);
480		TAILQ_REMOVE(&netcb, p, chain);
481		free(p);
482		p = q;
483	}
484	/*
485	 * Update existing connections and add new ones.
486	 */
487	TAILQ_FOREACH(p, &netcb, chain) {
488		if (p->ni_line == -1) {
489			/*
490			 * Add a new entry if possible.
491			 */
492			if (lastrow > YMAX(wnd))
493				continue;
494			p->ni_line = lastrow++;
495			p->ni_flags |= NIF_LACHG|NIF_FACHG;
496		}
497		if (p->ni_flags & NIF_LACHG) {
498			wmove(wnd, p->ni_line, LADDR);
499			inetprint((struct sockaddr *)&p->ni_lsa, p->ni_proto);
500			p->ni_flags &= ~NIF_LACHG;
501		}
502		if (p->ni_flags & NIF_FACHG) {
503			wmove(wnd, p->ni_line, FADDR);
504			inetprint((struct sockaddr *)&p->ni_fsa, p->ni_proto);
505			p->ni_flags &= ~NIF_FACHG;
506		}
507#ifdef INET6
508		family = (p->ni_lsa.ss_family == AF_INET) ? "4" : "6";
509#endif
510		snprintf(proto, sizeof(proto), "%s%s", p->ni_proto, family);
511		mvwaddstr(wnd, p->ni_line, PROTO, proto);
512		mvwprintw(wnd, p->ni_line, RCVCC, "%6u", p->ni_rcvcc);
513		mvwprintw(wnd, p->ni_line, SNDCC, "%6u", p->ni_sndcc);
514		if (streq(p->ni_proto, "tcp")) {
515			if (p->ni_state < 0 || p->ni_state >= TCP_NSTATES)
516				mvwprintw(wnd, p->ni_line, STATE, "%d",
517				    p->ni_state);
518			else
519				mvwaddstr(wnd, p->ni_line, STATE,
520				    tcpstates[p->ni_state]);
521		}
522		wclrtoeol(wnd);
523	}
524	if (lastrow < YMAX(wnd)) {
525		wmove(wnd, lastrow, 0); wclrtobot(wnd);
526		wmove(wnd, YMAX(wnd), 0); wdeleteln(wnd);	/* XXX */
527	}
528}
529
530/*
531 * Pretty print an Internet address (net address + port).
532 * If the nflag was specified, use numbers instead of names.
533 */
534static void
535inetprint(struct sockaddr *sa, const char *proto)
536{
537	struct servent *sp = 0;
538	char line[80], *cp;
539	int port;
540
541	switch (sa->sa_family) {
542	case AF_INET:
543		port = ((struct sockaddr_in *)sa)->sin_port;
544		break;
545#ifdef INET6
546	case AF_INET6:
547		port = ((struct sockaddr_in6 *)sa)->sin6_port;
548		break;
549#endif
550	default:
551		port = 0;
552		break;
553	}
554	snprintf(line, sizeof(line), "%.*s.", 16, inetname(sa));
555	cp = strchr(line, '\0');
556	if (!nflag && port)
557		sp = getservbyport(port, proto);
558	if (sp || port == 0)
559		snprintf(cp, sizeof(line) - (cp - line), "%.8s",
560		    sp ? sp->s_name : "*");
561	else
562		snprintf(cp, sizeof(line) - (cp - line), "%d",
563		    ntohs((u_short)port));
564	/* pad to full column to clear any garbage */
565	cp = strchr(line, '\0');
566	while (cp - line < 22)
567		*cp++ = ' ';
568	line[22] = '\0';
569	waddstr(wnd, line);
570}
571
572/*
573 * Construct an Internet address representation.
574 * If the nflag has been supplied, give
575 * numeric value, otherwise try for symbolic name.
576 */
577static char *
578inetname(struct sockaddr *sa)
579{
580	char *cp = 0;
581	static char line[NI_MAXHOST];
582	struct hostent *hp;
583	struct netent *np;
584	struct in_addr in;
585
586#ifdef INET6
587	if (sa->sa_family == AF_INET6) {
588		if (memcmp(&((struct sockaddr_in6 *)sa)->sin6_addr,
589		    &in6addr_any, sizeof(in6addr_any)) == 0)
590			strcpy(line, "*");
591		else
592			getnameinfo(sa, sa->sa_len, line, sizeof(line), NULL, 0,
593			    nflag ? NI_NUMERICHOST : 0);
594		return (line);
595	}
596#endif
597
598	in = ((struct sockaddr_in *)sa)->sin_addr;
599	if (!nflag && in.s_addr != INADDR_ANY) {
600		int net = inet_netof(in);
601		int lna = inet_lnaof(in);
602
603		if (lna == INADDR_ANY) {
604			np = getnetbyaddr(net, AF_INET);
605			if (np)
606				cp = np->n_name;
607		}
608		if (cp == 0) {
609			hp = gethostbyaddr((char *)&in, sizeof (in), AF_INET);
610			if (hp)
611				cp = hp->h_name;
612		}
613	}
614	if (in.s_addr == INADDR_ANY)
615		strcpy(line, "*");
616	else if (cp)
617		snprintf(line, sizeof(line), "%s", cp);
618	else {
619		in.s_addr = ntohl(in.s_addr);
620#define C(x)	((x) & 0xff)
621		snprintf(line, sizeof(line), "%u.%u.%u.%u", C(in.s_addr >> 24),
622			C(in.s_addr >> 16), C(in.s_addr >> 8), C(in.s_addr));
623	}
624	return (line);
625}
626
627int
628cmdnetstat(const char *cmd, const char *args)
629{
630	if (prefix(cmd, "all")) {
631		aflag = !aflag;
632		goto fixup;
633	}
634	if  (prefix(cmd, "numbers") || prefix(cmd, "names")) {
635		struct netinfo *p;
636		int new;
637
638		new = prefix(cmd, "numbers");
639		if (new == nflag)
640			return (1);
641		TAILQ_FOREACH(p, &netcb, chain) {
642			if (p->ni_line == -1)
643				continue;
644			p->ni_flags |= NIF_LACHG|NIF_FACHG;
645		}
646		nflag = new;
647		goto redisplay;
648	}
649	if (!netcmd(cmd, args))
650		return (0);
651fixup:
652	fetchnetstat();
653redisplay:
654	shownetstat();
655	refresh();
656	return (1);
657}
658