file.c revision 34650d7da670a6653a5b0546b0656d1772779fd2
1/*
2 * Copyright (c) Ian F. Darwin 1986-1995.
3 * Software written by Ian F. Darwin and others;
4 * maintained 1995-present by Christos Zoulas and others.
5 *
6 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
7 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
8 * are met:
9 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
10 *    notice immediately at the beginning of the file, without modification,
11 *    this list of conditions, and the following disclaimer.
12 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
13 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
14 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
15 *
16 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHOR AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
17 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
18 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
19 * ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR
20 * ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
21 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
22 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
23 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
24 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
25 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
26 * SUCH DAMAGE.
27 */
28/*
29 * file - find type of a file or files - main program.
30 */
31
32#include "file.h"
33
34#ifndef	lint
35FILE_RCSID("@(#)$File: file.c,v 1.167 2015/09/11 17:24:09 christos Exp $")
36#endif	/* lint */
37
38#include "magic.h"
39
40#include <stdlib.h>
41#include <unistd.h>
42#include <string.h>
43#ifdef RESTORE_TIME
44# if (__COHERENT__ >= 0x420)
45#  include <sys/utime.h>
46# else
47#  ifdef USE_UTIMES
48#   include <sys/time.h>
49#  else
50#   include <utime.h>
51#  endif
52# endif
53#endif
54#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
55#include <unistd.h>	/* for read() */
56#endif
57#ifdef HAVE_WCHAR_H
58#include <wchar.h>
59#endif
60
61#if defined(HAVE_GETOPT_H) && defined(HAVE_STRUCT_OPTION)
62#include <getopt.h>
63#ifndef HAVE_GETOPT_LONG
64int getopt_long(int argc, char * const *argv, const char *optstring, const struct option *longopts, int *longindex);
65#endif
66#else
67#include "mygetopt.h"
68#endif
69
70#ifdef S_IFLNK
71#define FILE_FLAGS "-bcEhikLlNnprsvzZ0"
72#else
73#define FILE_FLAGS "-bcEiklNnprsvzZ0"
74#endif
75
76# define USAGE  \
77    "Usage: %s [" FILE_FLAGS \
78	"] [--apple] [--extension] [--mime-encoding] [--mime-type]\n" \
79    "            [-e testname] [-F separator] [-f namefile] [-m magicfiles] " \
80    "file ...\n" \
81    "       %s -C [-m magicfiles]\n" \
82    "       %s [--help]\n"
83
84private int 		/* Global command-line options 		*/
85	bflag = 0,	/* brief output format	 		*/
86	nopad = 0,	/* Don't pad output			*/
87	nobuffer = 0,   /* Do not buffer stdout 		*/
88	nulsep = 0;	/* Append '\0' to the separator		*/
89
90private const char *separator = ":";	/* Default field separator	*/
91private const struct option long_options[] = {
92#define OPT_HELP		1
93#define OPT_APPLE		2
94#define OPT_EXTENSIONS		3
95#define OPT_MIME_TYPE		4
96#define OPT_MIME_ENCODING	5
97#define OPT(shortname, longname, opt, doc)      \
98    {longname, opt, NULL, shortname},
99#define OPT_LONGONLY(longname, opt, doc, id)        \
100    {longname, opt, NULL, id},
101#include "file_opts.h"
102#undef OPT
103#undef OPT_LONGONLY
104    {0, 0, NULL, 0}
105};
106#define OPTSTRING	"bcCde:Ef:F:hiklLm:nNpP:rsvzZ0"
107
108private const struct {
109	const char *name;
110	int value;
111} nv[] = {
112	{ "apptype",	MAGIC_NO_CHECK_APPTYPE },
113	{ "ascii",	MAGIC_NO_CHECK_ASCII },
114	{ "cdf",	MAGIC_NO_CHECK_CDF },
115	{ "compress",	MAGIC_NO_CHECK_COMPRESS },
116	{ "elf",	MAGIC_NO_CHECK_ELF },
117	{ "encoding",	MAGIC_NO_CHECK_ENCODING },
118	{ "soft",	MAGIC_NO_CHECK_SOFT },
119	{ "tar",	MAGIC_NO_CHECK_TAR },
120	{ "text",	MAGIC_NO_CHECK_TEXT },	/* synonym for ascii */
121	{ "tokens",	MAGIC_NO_CHECK_TOKENS }, /* OBSOLETE: ignored for backwards compatibility */
122};
123
124private struct {
125	const char *name;
126	int tag;
127	size_t value;
128} pm[] = {
129	{ "indir",	MAGIC_PARAM_INDIR_MAX, 0 },
130	{ "name",	MAGIC_PARAM_NAME_MAX, 0 },
131	{ "elf_phnum",	MAGIC_PARAM_ELF_PHNUM_MAX, 0 },
132	{ "elf_shnum",	MAGIC_PARAM_ELF_SHNUM_MAX, 0 },
133	{ "elf_notes",	MAGIC_PARAM_ELF_NOTES_MAX, 0 },
134	{ "regex",	MAGIC_PARAM_REGEX_MAX, 0 },
135};
136
137private char *progname;		/* used throughout 		*/
138
139#ifdef __dead
140__dead
141#endif
142private void usage(void);
143private void docprint(const char *);
144#ifdef __dead
145__dead
146#endif
147private void help(void);
148
149private int unwrap(struct magic_set *, const char *);
150private int process(struct magic_set *ms, const char *, int);
151private struct magic_set *load(const char *, int);
152private void setparam(const char *);
153private void applyparam(magic_t);
154
155
156/*
157 * main - parse arguments and handle options
158 */
159int
160main(int argc, char *argv[])
161{
162	int c;
163	size_t i;
164	int action = 0, didsomefiles = 0, errflg = 0;
165	int flags = 0, e = 0;
166	struct magic_set *magic = NULL;
167	int longindex;
168	const char *magicfile = NULL;		/* where the magic is	*/
169
170	/* makes islower etc work for other langs */
171#ifdef HAVE_SETLOCALE
172	(void)setlocale(LC_CTYPE, "");
173#endif
174
175#ifdef __EMX__
176	/* sh-like wildcard expansion! Shouldn't hurt at least ... */
177	_wildcard(&argc, &argv);
178#endif
179
180	if ((progname = strrchr(argv[0], '/')) != NULL)
181		progname++;
182	else
183		progname = argv[0];
184
185#ifdef S_IFLNK
186	flags |= getenv("POSIXLY_CORRECT") ? MAGIC_SYMLINK : 0;
187#endif
188	while ((c = getopt_long(argc, argv, OPTSTRING, long_options,
189	    &longindex)) != -1)
190		switch (c) {
191		case OPT_HELP:
192			help();
193			break;
194		case OPT_APPLE:
195			flags |= MAGIC_APPLE;
196			break;
197		case OPT_EXTENSIONS:
198			flags |= MAGIC_EXTENSION;
199			break;
200		case OPT_MIME_TYPE:
201			flags |= MAGIC_MIME_TYPE;
202			break;
203		case OPT_MIME_ENCODING:
204			flags |= MAGIC_MIME_ENCODING;
205			break;
206		case '0':
207			nulsep = 1;
208			break;
209		case 'b':
210			bflag++;
211			break;
212		case 'c':
213			action = FILE_CHECK;
214			break;
215		case 'C':
216			action = FILE_COMPILE;
217			break;
218		case 'd':
219			flags |= MAGIC_DEBUG|MAGIC_CHECK;
220			break;
221		case 'E':
222			flags |= MAGIC_ERROR;
223			break;
224		case 'e':
225			for (i = 0; i < sizeof(nv) / sizeof(nv[0]); i++)
226				if (strcmp(nv[i].name, optarg) == 0)
227					break;
228
229			if (i == sizeof(nv) / sizeof(nv[0]))
230				errflg++;
231			else
232				flags |= nv[i].value;
233			break;
234
235		case 'f':
236			if(action)
237				usage();
238			if (magic == NULL)
239				if ((magic = load(magicfile, flags)) == NULL)
240					return 1;
241			applyparam(magic);
242			e |= unwrap(magic, optarg);
243			++didsomefiles;
244			break;
245		case 'F':
246			separator = optarg;
247			break;
248		case 'i':
249			flags |= MAGIC_MIME;
250			break;
251		case 'k':
252			flags |= MAGIC_CONTINUE;
253			break;
254		case 'l':
255			action = FILE_LIST;
256			break;
257		case 'm':
258			magicfile = optarg;
259			break;
260		case 'n':
261			++nobuffer;
262			break;
263		case 'N':
264			++nopad;
265			break;
266#if defined(HAVE_UTIME) || defined(HAVE_UTIMES)
267		case 'p':
268			flags |= MAGIC_PRESERVE_ATIME;
269			break;
270#endif
271		case 'P':
272			setparam(optarg);
273			break;
274		case 'r':
275			flags |= MAGIC_RAW;
276			break;
277		case 's':
278			flags |= MAGIC_DEVICES;
279			break;
280		case 'v':
281			if (magicfile == NULL)
282				magicfile = magic_getpath(magicfile, action);
283			(void)fprintf(stdout, "%s-%s\n", progname, VERSION);
284			(void)fprintf(stdout, "magic file from %s\n",
285				       magicfile);
286			return 0;
287		case 'z':
288			flags |= MAGIC_COMPRESS;
289			break;
290
291		case 'Z':
292			flags |= MAGIC_COMPRESS|MAGIC_COMPRESS_TRANSP;
293			break;
294#ifdef S_IFLNK
295		case 'L':
296			flags |= MAGIC_SYMLINK;
297			break;
298		case 'h':
299			flags &= ~MAGIC_SYMLINK;
300			break;
301#endif
302		case '?':
303		default:
304			errflg++;
305			break;
306		}
307
308	if (errflg) {
309		usage();
310	}
311	if (e)
312		return e;
313
314	if (MAGIC_VERSION != magic_version())
315		(void)fprintf(stderr, "%s: compiled magic version [%d] "
316		    "does not match with shared library magic version [%d]\n",
317		    progname, MAGIC_VERSION, magic_version());
318
319	switch(action) {
320	case FILE_CHECK:
321	case FILE_COMPILE:
322	case FILE_LIST:
323		/*
324		 * Don't try to check/compile ~/.magic unless we explicitly
325		 * ask for it.
326		 */
327		magic = magic_open(flags|MAGIC_CHECK);
328		if (magic == NULL) {
329			(void)fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", progname,
330			    strerror(errno));
331			return 1;
332		}
333
334
335		switch(action) {
336		case FILE_CHECK:
337			c = magic_check(magic, magicfile);
338			break;
339		case FILE_COMPILE:
340			c = magic_compile(magic, magicfile);
341			break;
342		case FILE_LIST:
343			c = magic_list(magic, magicfile);
344			break;
345		default:
346			abort();
347		}
348		if (c == -1) {
349			(void)fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", progname,
350			    magic_error(magic));
351			return 1;
352		}
353		return 0;
354	default:
355		if (magic == NULL)
356			if ((magic = load(magicfile, flags)) == NULL)
357				return 1;
358		applyparam(magic);
359	}
360
361	if (optind == argc) {
362		if (!didsomefiles)
363			usage();
364	}
365	else {
366		size_t j, wid, nw;
367		for (wid = 0, j = (size_t)optind; j < (size_t)argc; j++) {
368			nw = file_mbswidth(argv[j]);
369			if (nw > wid)
370				wid = nw;
371		}
372		/*
373		 * If bflag is only set twice, set it depending on
374		 * number of files [this is undocumented, and subject to change]
375		 */
376		if (bflag == 2) {
377			bflag = optind >= argc - 1;
378		}
379		for (; optind < argc; optind++)
380			e |= process(magic, argv[optind], wid);
381	}
382
383	if (magic)
384		magic_close(magic);
385	return e;
386}
387
388private void
389applyparam(magic_t magic)
390{
391	size_t i;
392
393	for (i = 0; i < __arraycount(pm); i++) {
394		if (pm[i].value == 0)
395			continue;
396		if (magic_setparam(magic, pm[i].tag, &pm[i].value) == -1) {
397			(void)fprintf(stderr, "%s: Can't set %s %s\n", progname,
398				pm[i].name, strerror(errno));
399			exit(1);
400		}
401	}
402}
403
404private void
405setparam(const char *p)
406{
407	size_t i;
408	char *s;
409
410	if ((s = strchr(p, '=')) == NULL)
411		goto badparm;
412
413	for (i = 0; i < __arraycount(pm); i++) {
414		if (strncmp(p, pm[i].name, s - p) != 0)
415			continue;
416		pm[i].value = atoi(s + 1);
417		return;
418	}
419badparm:
420	(void)fprintf(stderr, "%s: Unknown param %s\n", progname, p);
421	exit(1);
422}
423
424private struct magic_set *
425/*ARGSUSED*/
426load(const char *magicfile, int flags)
427{
428	struct magic_set *magic = magic_open(flags);
429	if (magic == NULL) {
430		(void)fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n", progname, strerror(errno));
431		return NULL;
432	}
433	if (magic_load(magic, magicfile) == -1) {
434		(void)fprintf(stderr, "%s: %s\n",
435		    progname, magic_error(magic));
436		magic_close(magic);
437		return NULL;
438	}
439	return magic;
440}
441
442/*
443 * unwrap -- read a file of filenames, do each one.
444 */
445private int
446unwrap(struct magic_set *ms, const char *fn)
447{
448	FILE *f;
449	ssize_t len;
450	char *line = NULL;
451	size_t llen = 0;
452	int wid = 0, cwid;
453	int e = 0;
454
455	if (strcmp("-", fn) == 0) {
456		f = stdin;
457		wid = 1;
458	} else {
459		if ((f = fopen(fn, "r")) == NULL) {
460			(void)fprintf(stderr, "%s: Cannot open `%s' (%s).\n",
461			    progname, fn, strerror(errno));
462			return 1;
463		}
464
465		while ((len = getline(&line, &llen, f)) > 0) {
466			if (line[len - 1] == '\n')
467				line[len - 1] = '\0';
468			cwid = file_mbswidth(line);
469			if (cwid > wid)
470				wid = cwid;
471		}
472
473		rewind(f);
474	}
475
476	while ((len = getline(&line, &llen, f)) > 0) {
477		if (line[len - 1] == '\n')
478			line[len - 1] = '\0';
479		e |= process(ms, line, wid);
480		if(nobuffer)
481			(void)fflush(stdout);
482	}
483
484	free(line);
485	(void)fclose(f);
486	return e;
487}
488
489/*
490 * Called for each input file on the command line (or in a list of files)
491 */
492private int
493process(struct magic_set *ms, const char *inname, int wid)
494{
495	const char *type;
496	int std_in = strcmp(inname, "-") == 0;
497
498	if (wid > 0 && !bflag) {
499		(void)printf("%s", std_in ? "/dev/stdin" : inname);
500		if (nulsep)
501			(void)putc('\0', stdout);
502		(void)printf("%s", separator);
503		(void)printf("%*s ",
504		    (int) (nopad ? 0 : (wid - file_mbswidth(inname))), "");
505	}
506
507	type = magic_file(ms, std_in ? NULL : inname);
508	if (type == NULL) {
509		(void)printf("ERROR: %s\n", magic_error(ms));
510		return 1;
511	} else {
512		(void)printf("%s\n", type);
513		return 0;
514	}
515}
516
517protected size_t
518file_mbswidth(const char *s)
519{
520#if defined(HAVE_WCHAR_H) && defined(HAVE_MBRTOWC) && defined(HAVE_WCWIDTH)
521	size_t bytesconsumed, old_n, n, width = 0;
522	mbstate_t state;
523	wchar_t nextchar;
524	(void)memset(&state, 0, sizeof(mbstate_t));
525	old_n = n = strlen(s);
526
527	while (n > 0) {
528		bytesconsumed = mbrtowc(&nextchar, s, n, &state);
529		if (bytesconsumed == (size_t)(-1) ||
530		    bytesconsumed == (size_t)(-2)) {
531			/* Something went wrong, return something reasonable */
532			return old_n;
533		}
534		if (s[0] == '\n') {
535			/*
536			 * do what strlen() would do, so that caller
537			 * is always right
538			 */
539			width++;
540		} else {
541			int w = wcwidth(nextchar);
542			if (w > 0)
543				width += w;
544		}
545
546		s += bytesconsumed, n -= bytesconsumed;
547	}
548	return width;
549#else
550	return strlen(s);
551#endif
552}
553
554private void
555usage(void)
556{
557	(void)fprintf(stderr, USAGE, progname, progname, progname);
558	exit(1);
559}
560
561private void
562docprint(const char *opts)
563{
564	size_t i;
565	int comma;
566	char *sp, *p;
567
568	p = strstr(opts, "%o");
569	if (p == NULL) {
570		fprintf(stdout, "%s", opts);
571		return;
572	}
573
574	for (sp = p - 1; sp > opts && *sp == ' '; sp--)
575		continue;
576
577	fprintf(stdout, "%.*s", (int)(p - opts), opts);
578
579	comma = 0;
580	for (i = 0; i < __arraycount(nv); i++) {
581		fprintf(stdout, "%s%s", comma++ ? ", " : "", nv[i].name);
582		if (i && i % 5 == 0) {
583			fprintf(stdout, ",\n%*s", (int)(p - sp - 1), "");
584			comma = 0;
585		}
586	}
587
588	fprintf(stdout, "%s", opts + (p - opts) + 2);
589}
590
591private void
592help(void)
593{
594	(void)fputs(
595"Usage: file [OPTION...] [FILE...]\n"
596"Determine type of FILEs.\n"
597"\n", stdout);
598#define OPT(shortname, longname, opt, doc)      \
599	fprintf(stdout, "  -%c, --" longname, shortname), \
600	docprint(doc);
601#define OPT_LONGONLY(longname, opt, doc, id)        \
602	fprintf(stdout, "      --" longname),	\
603	docprint(doc);
604#include "file_opts.h"
605#undef OPT
606#undef OPT_LONGONLY
607	fprintf(stdout, "\nReport bugs to http://bugs.gw.com/\n");
608	exit(0);
609}
610